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Artificial Insemination in Cattle

Artificial Insemination in Cattle
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Artificial Insemination in Cattle

If you have cattle then you may have considered artificial insemination at one point in time or another. This is actually very common and it can be successful if you know what you are doing. You can have a vet carry out an artificial insemination cow procedure but this is not the only way. In fact, you could consider purchasing an artificial insemination cow kit that can help you. Whether you have a kit, or not, this is what you should know.

Collecting the Semen

 

You will need to begin by collecting the semen. You will see that there are a few different ways that you can do this but one of the easiest ways is to use an artificial vagina. When you make the decision to go about it this way you will allow the bull to mount the cow but then you will redirect his penis to the artificial vagina. Believe it or not, once you have the semen you can dilute it to make sure that you have enough for more cows. You can use egg yolks or you can use homogenized milk. It is also possible to use glycerol to help with the freezing process if it is not going to be used immediately.

 

Actual Insemination Process

 

If you are planning on inseminating the cattle, rather than having someone else do it, then you will need to be prepared. You will be expected to insert your arm into the rectum of the cow. Always be sure to wear gloves when you do this. Individuals will have thawed semen in a catheter ready to go. The gloved hand will then be placed into the rectum of the cow. The catheter will be guided through the vagina and into the cervix. It is easy to feel this through the rectum and the vagina wall.

Once the location is found the catheter will be placed into the uterus and some of the semen will be deposited there. The rest of it will be deposited in the cervix as the catheter is being removed.

 

Positives

 

You might not be sure if you should be doing this with your cattle or not. You will see that there are several positives to this procedure. For example, the semen can be shipped so there is a possibility that your females will be introduced to the semen of a great bull if you are willing to carry out this process. Next, it may be possible to increase traits such as milk production and this is always a good thing. The overall product will be much better. Finally, you will not have to have a bull that you can use to mate with your cattle. This is a huge benefit to many farmers. When they decide to use artificial insemination they will be able to time when the calves will be born. They are going to have the ability to determine if they would like to have calves during the hot months or the colder months. Farmers are able to plan when they have this option. Finally, the farmer is not going to have to spend money on a regular basis for a new bull. In the past they would need to purchase a new bull to prevent inbreeding but they no longer have to do this. It is a huge stress reliever and it is also a great way to save money.

 

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Negatives

 

Now, along with the fact that there are positives, there are also negatives that you have to consider when it comes to this process. It can be difficult to do this properly so you may need to pay someone to help you. This can become expensive when you consider the alternative is free. You will have to decide if this is something that you want to do or not. It is also important to know that the success rate is only about 55%. So, if you have paid for this service, as well as semen, you may not have the success that you were looking for. This can be a real let down to many individuals that thought they may be successful with the first insemination. It could take a few tries.

More information:

http://www.bio.miami.edu/dana/dox/Baker_Bellis.pdf

http://www.hks.harvard.edu/pepg/PDF/Papers/PEPG11-03_GloballyChallenged.pdf

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